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Ernakulam district is situated almost at the middle of Kerala State and on the coast of the Arabian Sea. It has credit of being the economic nerve center of the State. It is the most industrially advanced and
flourishing District of Kerala compared to the other districts.

This district was formed in 1958 by carving the regions from Thrissur and Kottayam district. The district
is named after the erstwhile Ernakulam town, the name of which in turn is said to have been derived from the word Rishinagakulam, a tank in the famous Siva Temple in the town.

The District comprises areas of the erstwhile Travancore, Cochin and Malabar states. The headquarters is at Kakkanad. When Idukki District was formed on January 26, 1977, Thodupuzha Taluk was joined with Idukki and Muvattupuzha Taluk separated to form Kothamangalam Taluk. The district is  7.56% urbanised.

Kochi (the new name for Cochin) is the port city and the commercial capital of Kerala State in India, located by the side of Arabian Sea on the southwestern coast of India. The entire region covering Fort Kochi, Mattancherry, Wellington Island, mainland Ernakulam and its suburbia (including Vyttila, V ennala,  Edapally) is generally referred to as Kochi (or Cochin) because all these areas were part of the erstwhile kingdom of Kochi in pre-independence India.

About 38 km. from north to south and 48 km. from east to west, the district is bounded by a 46.2 km.
coastline of the Arabian Sea on the west, Kottayam and Alappuzha districts on the south, Idukki on the east and Thrissur on the north.